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Historical Studies Articles

The City Gaol

The City Gaol

The City has had a number of gaols including near the Trinity Gate/Queen Street, first known record is dated 1540, which was one of the smaller gateways within the City wall and had a Gaol Tower, is was a postern gate leading from the City towards....  


The City Walls

The City Walls

It is not known whether the City walls were built on the site of the Anglo-Saxon defences, but the first mention of them is in 1231, when Henry lll allowed the Bailiffs to..


The Worcester City Gates

The Worcester City Gates

None were destroyed or removed after the 1651 battle. Foregate was the first to go in 1702-3. Sidbury Gate in 1768, and St. Martin's in 1787. At or near St. Martin's Gate was a small ..


Old Worcester - Architectural Miscellaneous Information

Old Worcester - Architectural Miscellaneous Information

Until 18c, the carpenter was most important in the building of Worcester, but then gave way to the mason and bricklayer, just putting in parts of roof timbers. The City Corporation helped with grants to rebuild the churches damaged in the Civil War. Worcester became.. 


Worcester College, Oxford

Worcester College, Oxford

In the 13th century the Benedictine Order taxed their foundations in England to establish a college at Oxford. In 1283, John Gifford of Brimsfield made a presentation to the Gloucester community of a site of what is.. 


Worcester Crosses

Worcester Crosses

Walcott's Memorials of Worcester, 1866 records the following:

The High Cross (defiled 1529); The Grass Cross (demolished 1578), The Sanctury Cross in Cathedral Yard, Whitesone Cross and wayside crosses on.. 


Prince Arthur's Tomb

Prince Arthur's Tomb

Prince Arthur was laid to rest on the night of April 26, 1502 in Worcester Cathedral. The legend inscribed on the four sides of his marble-topped tomb in the new Gothic style typeface used by..


The Butts

The Butts

The City authorities were bound by an Act of Henry VIII (33.19) to maintain a place for archery practice, and to train the City levies in the use of the bow. This required a place where the butts could be ...


Shewringe's Hospital, The Tything

Shewringe's Hospital, The Tything

Thomas Shewringe was the celebrated Mayor of Worcester, who with the members of the Corporation, accompanied King James ll to the door of the Roman Catholic Chapel, but declined the invitation to attend Mass in their...


Lea's Almshouses and St Nicholas School

Lea's Almshouses and St Nicholas School

In 1864. John Wheeley Lea endowed an almshouse in Infirmary Walk for six poor women, and adjoining, defrayed the cost of erecting a school for St. Nicholas parish. The cost was around £2,000, The six houses were in a charming gothic ...


Hebb's Charities

Hebb's Charities

Another hospital or almshouse near the Tything were the Hebb's Charity for 'decayed members of the Council and their widows'. The houses were at the back of Albany Terrace. Dr. Christopher Hebb, an eminent.....


Elbury Mount & Trotshill

Elbury Mount & Trotshill

Edwin Lee's found that in Cary's Map of Worcester, the hamlet of Trotshill, near Elbury Mount was then shown as Toothill.

Toothills are rounded hills rising beside ancient trackways, and were pre-Roman places of ..


Berkeley Hospital & The Elms

Berkeley Hospital & The Elms

In the Foregate is the Berkeley Hospital, founded by Robert Berkeley of Spetchley. In his Will of 1692, he left £2000 to....


Hospital or Almshouses

Hospital or Almshouses

The care of the aged who were without friends or resources was fully provided for in the Middle Ages by numerous 'hospitals', which were not then , as later they became, places where the ....


The Curfew at St. Helen's, Worcester

The Curfew at St. Helen's, Worcester

The curfew bell at St. Helen's was rung nightly without a break until 1939, when the ringing of bells was the official warning that enemy parachutists had landed. The parish had a ...


The Bull Ring

The Bull Ring

Bull Baiting was from medieval times to the 19th century, an English pastime. John Noake quotes authority for statements that at Worcester, it was a recognized duty of the Mayor to secure.....


Tybridge Street

Tybridge Street

For centuries the street called Tybridge Street was the principal entrance into Mid-Wales, and consequently it was the scene of many bloody affrays with the Welsh and other medieval armies needing to use the ......


The Holy Well

The Holy Well

The Holy Well at Henwick was an exceptional fine spring, which in medieval times had been piped to the Cathedral, and which the Prior had used in the baths which he erected for the use of the monks on Holywell Hill, in return....


The Royal Albert Orphanage

The Royal Albert Orphanage

A relic of Victorian philanthropy stood in Henwick Road. In more more modern times was used as the Y.M.C.A hostel until 2021, then sadly demolished to make way for new homes. The original building was very large and costly, and though institutional inside, the exterior proclaimed proudly the good work which was done.


The Old Sheep Market - After the Plague

The Old Sheep Market - After the Plague

When the plague died down no more burial were permitted at the Angel Street site. The cemetery was permanently closed lest any disturbance of the tainted soil might liberate germs of the deadly pestilence. Hence the land was kept as an open space, and in the days of street ........


Pitchcroft and the fight to get public possession

Pitchcroft and the fight to get public possession

Today, it is hard to believe that before 1899 the citizens of Worcester had not the privilege of roaming at will over Pitchcroft. 

Pitchcroft was owned by several people and there were no boundaries to the various properties, so they were not distinguishable but could only be delineated on the Tythe Map. There had always been footpaths giving access to ferries, which had been used for so long that the public had acquired the right to pass along them during what was termed the 'closed season'. The acquiring of the croft for public recreation was achieved by many steps against dogged and fierce opposition.